How LG Chem won shareholder approval to spin off battery business

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South Korea’s LG Chem won shareholder approval to hive off its superstar battery business, with investors betting the division has a better chance to thrive as a standalone entity.

The world’s biggest maker of electric vehicle batteries said 82.3 percent of votes represented at Friday’s extraordinary general meeting in Seoul were in favor of the plan. LG Chem will own 100 percent of the division for the time being but is planning an initial share sale that would float between 20 percent and 30 percent of the unit.

The vote is a victory for a LG Chem management that faced opposition to the split from some investors, including second-biggest shareholder National Pension Service with a 10.3 percent stake. The powerful South Korean pension plan said it viewed the split as unfavorable because it may lessen the company’s value.

“If you just look at the business, spinning it off is the best option because it will need more funds for expansion,” said Lee Ji-yeon, an analyst at Shinyoung Securities in Seoul, ahead of the vote. “But the way this was handled has angered many investors,” she said, with reference to the legions of retail shareholders who are also disgruntled.

Splitting out the unit that supplies batteries to Tesla Inc. and others will cement LG Chem’s status as a key challenger to China’s Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. as global demand for electric vehicles rises.

LG Chem is also better positioned than many rivals for the industry’s growth in Europe, where sales have surged in 2020, and in the U.S.

World No. 1

Retail shareholders were upset that LG Chem is taking away the battery unit without offering any stock in it as compensation. Individual investors will have to subscribe to any IPO, which may take around a year to complete. LG Corp., LG Group’s holding company, owns 30 percent of LG Chem.

Shareholder lobby group Institutional Shareholder Services Inc. recommended the split be approved and Calvert Research & Management, an institutional firm with a focus on responsible investing, had said it would vote for the plan.

LG Chem edged ahead of competitors to become the largest supplier of lithium-ion batteries to automakers in the first eight months of 2020, lifting its market share to about 25 percent from around 11 percent a year ago, according to SNE Research Inc.

The supplier’s ascent has been aided by its early move to target the auto sector, a wide network of relationships with automakers and strong technical capability — including in-house expertise on the production of battery cathodes, the most expensive component, according to Mark Newman, a Hong Kong-based senior analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein.

“Their position is very, very strong. They have some geographical dominance in Europe and the U.S., and some strong relationships with major carmakers outside of China,” Newman said. “Compared to their Korean neighbors they were a bit earlier to move into EV batteries.”

A standalone battery business would have major appeal to investors, particularly those focused on environmental, social and corporate governance. Some in that category aren’t currently able to hold LG Chem stock because of its petrochemical products, according to Newman.

“Even though they’ve got this world-beating, strong battery business — currently the No. 1 in the world — they don’t get the benefit, because the petrochemical business is effectively a negative on the stock,” Newman said. LG Chem’s market capitalization of about $40 billion compares to battery sector rival CATL’s value of about $83 billion.

Electric vehicle makers and associated businesses have also been welcomed with open arms by investors this year. Shares in Chinese EV manufacturer Nio Inc. are up almost 600 percent since January while Xpeng Inc. and Li Auto Inc. have also had stellar debuts.

Investors are watching closely for a potential LG Chem battery unit IPO “because that’s going to be the hot one that everyone wants to get hold of,” Newman said.

Hiving off the battery unit should also improve the division’s access to capital and help accelerate expansion efforts, according to BloombergNEF analyst Daixin Li. LG Chem, which currently has the largest manufacturing capacity, is aiming to more than double that volume to about 260 gigawatt-hours by 2023 from an estimated 120 gigawatt-hours this year, by adding facilities in China, Poland and the U.S.

By 2024, annual sales are forecast to increase to more than 30 trillion won ($26.5 billion) from an estimated 18 trillion won in 2021.

LG Chem’s “current plant scale-up heavily relies on revenue from other business units such as petrochemicals and materials,” Li said in a note last month. “Greater access to outside capital will facilitate capacity additions.”

Another funding option could be through one or more automakers taking minority stakes in the battery unit, Bernstein’s Newman said. In addition to Tesla, LG Chem has long-term contracts with manufacturers including Volkswagen Group and Hyundai Motor Group, alongside joint venture projects with General Motors and Geely Automobile Holdings Ltd.’s unit Shanghai Maple Guorun Automobile Co.

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Saurabh Shukla

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